How to write in Chinese – a Beginner’s Guide
Aug 07, · ? qing radical can be seen in a lot of Chinese characters which sound ” qing“. They are called phonetical radical because the words with ? radical are pronounced in similar phonetic sound with only tonal difference. ? – qing (to ask, to request), ? – qing (feelings, emotions), ? . Handwriting Chinese characters: The minimum requirements. 1. What is ?, with ? in place of ?? 2. Observe the characters ? and ?. Choose the incorrect character. 3. Observe the characters ? and ?. Choose the incorrect character. 4. Observe the characters ?, ?, and ?. Choose the incorrect character.
It is published here with permission of the author. I wanted to publish this article here on Hacking Chinese because I think it contains unique and useful material. I find it particularly useful because it characcters on actual handwriting and contains lots of real examples with scanned handwriting samples rather than typed characters.
Handwriting Chinese characters: The minimum requirements — Part 1. This is necessary because commonly available materials provide inaccurate information or stray too far into aesthetics too early, while neglecting the basics.
My goal here is not to get you to write well, but to write correctly. The examples I show are made with a pencil, only caring to ensure that things are correct where they should be, with no attention paid to aesthetics. With that, your goal when writing regardless of writing instrument should be to communicate without distraction. The most common potential distraction when writing is producing wrong characters. In general, how to use the ab rocket properly something that has not been commonly employed in exemplary pieces of writing for that particular morpheme will probably result in a wrong character.
More concretely, the difference between a right how many weeks and days pregnant am i calculator wrong character can depend on:.
Absence of a required stroke which may result in a substitutione. I think that about covers it. The first piece of homework you have to do, then, is to learn to recognize and reproduce the basic strokes of regular script. They are most reliably recognized by their orientation and curvature. The number of different strokes varies depending on how you count. I only include those which I think differ significantly in technique.
It can be truly horizontal or tilted up at the right a bit. It rare cases it can be tilted down, but not doing so in such a case will not make the difference between a right and cina character. It may bow up most fo or down in the middle, but not extremely. If you vary the thickness, it must be thick on both ends. It must not curve. In most cases it should be ideally truly vertical. When written with line width variation, how to write china in chinese characters ends are usually thick, although in some cases it can end in a point, and sometimes it must end in a point.
Lengths and curvatures of these strokes vary greatly. It usually bows down in the middle. If you vary thickness, in most cases it must start thick and end thin. When writing with varying line thickness, start charracters a point and increase thickness until the end. At the top, if it is closer to horizontal, there is initially a rightward motion. If it is steeper, it starts directly in the downward bow.
If it starts in the middle of another stroke, it starts with a hos. These are never the last stroke of a character. They start thick and end thin.
They are usually a transition between a vertical and horizontal stroke. Most of them are very straightforward. On horizontal strokes, hooks can only go down. On vertical strokes, hooks can only go left. One stroke only occurs with a hook. It is wrute vertical but bows to the right, starting thin and ending thick where the hook starts, which ends thin again.
Corners are the end of cjaracters stroke and the beginning of another. Corners can be correctly made by lifting your writing instrument up and starting a stroke that covers the end of the previous stroke. However, if at the end of one stroke you feel that you are prepared to how to write china in chinese characters another, then go ahead and connect them. Note that stroke counts for dictionary classification are made assuming cornered strokes are connected into one where possible.
Handwriting Chinese characters: The minimum requirements — Part 2. A note about stroke order: the tl;dr about it is to memorize this list and use Japanese standard stroke order references like this in order to produce correct stroke orders. For more details, read this. Now I will elaborate a bit about intent. When you try to write 10 of the same character the same way, they will all be different because of what is group decision making in management imprecision, although you have the same target character in your mind.
The character in your mind is a grapheme underlying chjneseand what is written is the surface form. By observing multiple surface forms, you will get a better idea of what the grapheme must be. In most examples, both of them touch to form a corner.
In even fewer examples, they pass through each other. By observing these examples, one should conclude that kn should be ideally touching to form a corner, although if you write 10 of them, and 2 of them look like this:. However, no amount of technical deficiency would produce something like this:.
Therefore, when chzracters Chinese characters, it is necessary for your intent to be correct, characrers if your rendition in some instances is not. Only look at how to upgrade blackberry os 10 script examples.
Here is what I see stroke by stroke:. More on that last point, observe this. The dot is placed under the intersection. If it were halfway between the 2nd and 3rd strokes, it would be to the right of the intersection. Technical imprecision can produce a dot that goes anywhere in the area between the 2nd and 3rd strokes, but most examples seem to aim directly under the intersection.
Also, some learners who are used to looking at modern typefaces will likely have a grapheme in their heads with the dot attached to the 2nd stroke, even if it ends up left of the intersection. This is because modern Chinese regular script typefaces render it so. Although technical imprecision could cause someone meaning to put it under the intersection to attach it to the 2nd stroke, an intent to do so is inaccurate.
One can avoid this by always using good examples. Unfortunately, the best examples are rarely presented to beginners. This might seem like a lot of work, but if you do it, you will find that you will only need to look up simple characters, as complex characters are made of simple components. Handwriting Chinese characters: The minimum requirements — Part 3.
In part 2 I introduced to you some things you should look for when observing example characters. To review, they are. Now we will do some further exercises in observing examples such that good graphemes make it into you head. Look at these. You should see that they are actually pretty much the same length. If there is any significant difference, then the second stroke is longer. But most importantly, the third stroke is still much longer than the first two.
Everything else should usually be much narrower. Therefore, when a character has many uncontained horizontal strokes i. It will be much longer than the others. Verify on And remember, use good examples to make sure the long horizontal stroke is the right one. Does it look like any of these?
Or is it more like this? Remember that there can be at most one of these. Observe these characters corrected:. Below I have written the most common characters in Mandarin as further demonstration of this rule.
I have circled erite rightmost extender in each character if there is one. A blue asterisk means that hoe are other correct ways of writing the character ih a different stroke or component is extended to the right. Handwriting Chinese characters: The minimum requirements — Part 4. Moving on. In this post I want to go over gut feeling. This stroke usually comes into being as a modification of some other stroke, usually to ease transition into starting the next stroke.
Likely there is something following it to the upper right. There is nothing right of it to write. This leads to such hypercorrections as:. Actually 2 things: 1 the stroke order is wrong and 2 you probably extended the wrong horizontal stroke. This is very a common character building block. That is because all of these instances are short, e. Next, I will talk about variants. I consider two characters variants if they differ in stroke type or placement.
Learning Chinese can be a bit scary and seems impossible at the first glance. You will have no idea where to start. Chinese characters are built on radicals which are similar to alphabets in English.
However, unlike English alphabets, each radical has its own meaning. The radicals are combined into characters and the characters combined into words. If you think the radicals are the most basic part of the Chinese writing, you are wrong.
Before you start learning Chinese writing, you need to know how to write them first. Strokes are the classified set of line patterns that are arranged and combined to form Chinese characters. Before we start, let me give you an overview of the amount Chinese characters in Chinese writing.
There are over 50, Chinese characters. Even an educated Chinese person know around characters. The highest level of HSK requires you to know characters only.
As if how you should motivate yourself to learn Chinese, you can read in our previous blog: I want to learn Chinese. By now you probably know the importance of radicals in Chinese writing. You will be able to type if you know the pinyin and the characters. But for writing on the paper is another thing. Just knowing the pinyin is not enough. You need to know the strokes to know how these radicals are constructed. Besides, many educated Chinese people take pride in their ability to write the Chinese characters in the right order.
If they see you can write in the right order, they will be impressed and treat you as a real educated person. Among a lot of strokes, there are only 13 basic strokes that you need to know. Once you get a hold on these 13 strokes, the rest are just the combinations of these After you have learned the strokes and the strokes orders, you will know how to write a character in correct stroke order no matter how complex the character is.
These 11 strokes are the most basic strokes in Chinese writing. The rest of the strokes are just the combinations of the above ones. The picture below shows you the 8 rules that you need to follow in Chinese writing. You can read more about the stroke: Chinese Stroke. The radicals can be considered as the pillar of the Chinese language learning. Each radical has its own meaning. Chinese characters with similar radicals. Another interesting fact about Chinese writing is that the Chinese characters are written as pictures in the past like the Egyptians!
Many of the easy Chinese characters are pictograms! Then they slowly transformed into the systematic words we are using today. If you want to explore more simple characters, check out: 40 easy Chinese Characters. I hope this blog motivates you to start Chinese writing right now!
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