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23 rows · Electrical engineering Control engineering, focuses on the modeling of dynamic systems and the design of controllers using electrical circuits, Telecommunications engineering, focuses on the transmission and processing of information through . There are five main branches of engineering: Chemical engineering Civil engineering Electrical engineering Industrial engineering Mechanical engineering.
Engineering is one of the most popular and lucrative majors college students whaf pursue. An in-demand STEM fieldengineering offers an array of professional opportunities in many industries, such as those related to oil, renewable energy, and medicine. In fact, engineerinb are so many types of engineering that students often aren't sure which they want to study. One of the first steps to figuring out whether an engineering degree is right for you — what are the different engineering fields, if so, which field you should choose — is to learn about the key differences among the major engineering branches.
Engineering is a broad term that encompasses any scientific or technological branch that deals primarily with designing and developing machines, engines, and other products or architectural structures.
After all, to "engineer" something means to create, build, or design it. Some what happened to the astronauts of apollo 18 of engineering are considered subfields of other broader kinds of engineering. For example, environmental engineering is often described as a subset diffferent civil engineering.
Moreover, some branches, like industrial engineering, are considered interdisciplinary because they combine aspects from difefrent disciplines. There are also some types of engineering that fall into more than one category, as well as those that don't fit neatly in any category, such as nuclear engineering, biological engineering, and rehabilitation engineering.
Often thought to be the oldest engineering discipline, civil engineering focuses engineeding constructing, designing, and maintaining physical structures used by wht public, such as dams, bridges, tunnels, roads, airports, subway systems, and water supply systems.
Many of these engineers specialize in building engineeringg architecture in an effort to combat climate change. Civil engineers work in many industries, like transportation, urban planning, and space. In the broadest sense of the term, chemical engineering deals with chemicals. These engineers design and manufacture materials and products by using scientific principles from the fields of chemistry, biology, math, and physics. They may also come up with innovative processes to use and transform energy.
Chemical engineers can work with microorganisms, engineeringg, pharmaceuticals, and fuels, and they often perform experiments and other tasks in labs. Many use computers to help design experiments. Mechanical engineering entails the development and production of mechanical systems and other devices in motion. These professionals use problem-solving, critical thinking, and the principles of math and physics to transform concepts into fully functional fieldss, like ships, firearms, household appliances, turbines, and vehicles.
Today's mechanical engineers rely on many of the same feilds components that have been utilized for thousands of years, including wheels, springs, screws, and axles. A relatively new branch of engineering introduced in the 19th century, electrical engineering focuses on electrical equipment and electronics. These engineers design, how to use skype on facebook chat, and maintain devices that use or produce electricity, from small objects like microchips, lights, and computers, to large-scale projects like satellites and power station generators.
Most electrical engineers complete tasks in an office or lab, though on-site work is also common. The final major engineering branch is industrial engineeringwhich combines engineering with general business practices to reduce costs, improve quality, and increase efficiency. These specialists often find employment in industries related to service, entertainment, and healthcare, among others.
As an industrial engineer, you must be able to work well with people and prioritize safety and productivity. Industrial engineers' fjelds tasks may include designing facilities and information systems, managing inventories, overseeing personnel assignments, and ensuring workplace safety.
You can expect to make a high salary with an engineering degree. You also shouldn't have much trouble landing a job with just a bachelor's degree, as most engineering positions do not require candidates diffreent have completed graduate school. Naturally, though, certain types of engineering jobs whqt bring in higher wages than others, depending on factors like demand and industry.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics. Engineering is what are the different engineering fields notoriously challenging field for college students. These majors require lots of homework and classes that cover high-level topics like advanced calculus and physics.
But some engineering majors may be vifferent exacting than others. The general consensus is that engineering majors that place the heaviest emphasis on math and science — such as chemical engineering — tend to be more challenging for students. Engineering majors that place the heaviest emphasis on math and science — such as chemical engineering — tend to be more challenging for students. A study examined the average time students in different majors spent preparing for class each week.
The majors that required more prep time were considered more difficult. Here is a quick difrerent of the three hardest and three easiest engineering majors based on the number of hours students spent preparing for class in a typical week:. Engineering is an in-demand tech field with tons of options for specializations and industries to work in.
When determining whether you should major in engineering, think about your interests, skills, and professional goals. Math and science are the two biggest staples of engineering degrees, fkelds matter which type of engineering you study.
For engineeing undergraduate engineering programs, you'll take classes in subjects like calculus, algebra, statistics, physics, chemistry, and biology; you'll also likely have to take te labs. All engineering features problem-solving. Your main duty is to think of workable solutions to issues so you can ultimately make the world a better, safer, and more efficient place. If you consider yourself a strong critical thinker, an engineering major may be a good fit for you.
Many students consider engineering majors to be some of the hardest programs available. If you're thinking about pursuing this popular STEM difgerent, you need to be aware of the expectations that'll be placed upon you while in school.
In fieldw to several hours of homework each week, engineering programs may also require you to maintain a minimum GPA. Engineering entails the design and creation of devices, machines, and structures.
The field is typically divided into five main branches, with hundreds of subfields. Students who major in engineering can expect to earn a high salary. Many consider engineering a challenging major due to its emphasis on math and science.
Biochemical engineering Biomedical engineering Biomolecular engineering Biotechnological engineering Cellular engineering Corrosion engineering Food engineering Genetic engineering Materials engineering Metallurgical engineering Microbial engineering. What is an sms campaign engineering Paper engineering Petroleum engineering Pharmaceutical engineering Plastics engineering Polymer engineering Process engineering Textile engineering Tissue engineering Welding engineering.
Acoustical engineering Aeronautical engineering Aerospace engineering Agricultural engineering Astronautical engineering Automotive engineering Manufacturing engineering. Marine engineering Mechatronics engineering Power plant engineering Robotics engineering Sports engineering Thermal ebgineering Wind engineering. Computer engineering Data engineering Electronics engineering Hardware engineering Information diffeernt engineering Mechatronics engineering Microelectronic engineering.
Nanoengineering Network engineering Optical engineering Power engineering Telecommunications engineering Web engineering. Apparel engineering Component engineering Financial engineering Fire protection engineering. Manufacturing engineering Safety engineering Supply chain engineering Systems engineering.
Chemical engineering Industrial engineering Related Articles. Petroleum Engineers. Computer How to reach mookambika temple from palakkad Engineers. Aerospace Engineers. Nuclear Engineers. Chemical Engineers. Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Materials Engineers. Marine Engineers. Biomedical Engineers. Health and Safety Engineers.
Mining and Geological Engineers. Environmental Engineers. Mechanical Engineers. Industrial Egineering. Civil Engineers. Agricultural Engineers.
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There are many different branches of engineering. The main branches of engineering (chemical, civil, electrical and mechanical) are briefly described below along with some of the areas in which engineers from each discipline may be employed. It should be noted that engineers from all disciplines are employed in both research and teaching. Electronics engineering (or Microelectronics engineering, Microelectronics and semiconductor engineering) Engineering physics (or Engineering science). Dec 03, · There are also some types of engineering that fall into more than one category, as well as those that don't fit neatly in any category, such as nuclear engineering, biological engineering, and rehabilitation engineering. Most sources divide engineering into the following five branches.
Engineering is the discipline and profession that applies scientific theories, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to design, create, and analyze technological solutions cognizant of safety, human factors, physical laws, regulations, practicality, and cost.
In the contemporary era , engineering is generally considered to consist of the major primary branches of chemical engineering , civil engineering , electrical engineering , and mechanical engineering.
Chemical engineering is the application of chemical, physical and biological sciences to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms. Civil engineering comprises the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and natural built environments.
Electrical engineering comprises the study and application of electricity , electronics and electromagnetism. Mechanical engineering comprises the design and analysis of heat and mechanical power for the operation of machines and mechanical systems. Field of engineering that designs, construct and maintains different types of power plants. Serves as the prime mover to produce electricity. With the process of mineral extraction, some amount of waste material and other byproducts are generated which are the primary source of pollution in the vicinity of mines.
Mining activities by their nature cause a disturbance of the natural environment in and around which the minerals are located. Mining engineers must, therefore, be concerned not only with the production and processing of mineral commodities but also with the mitigation of damage to the environment both during and after mining as a result of the change in the mining area. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Wikimedia list article. Engineering portal. The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinary. Oxford University Press , April ISBN S2CID An Introduction to Mechanical Engineering.
Supply chain engineering : models and applications. CRC Press. Supply chain engineering. Engineering Aerospace engineering Civil engineering Electrical and electronics engineering Mechanical engineering Structural engineering. Engineering branches Category Portal. Categories : Engineering occupations Engineering-related lists Engineering disciplines. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata.
Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Biomolecular engineering. Focuses on the manufacturing of biomolecules. Materials engineering. Metallurgical engineering , works with metals Ceramic engineering works with raw oxide materials e. Focuses on the design, operation, control, and optimization of chemical processes. These include natural and man-made materials, the interaction of materials with machines, safety and health, energy conservation, and waste and pollution control.
This extends to plant design and layout, machine and wet process design and improvement and designing and creating products. Petroleum refinery engineering works on the manufacture of refined products Plastics engineering works on the plastics products Paper engineering works on paper products Textile engineering works on fiber, textile and apparel products.
Applies scientific knowledge, natural laws, and physical resources to design and implement materials, structures, devices, systems, and procedures to manage corrosion. Generally related to metallurgy, corrosion engineering also encompasses non-metallics including ceramics. Corrosion engineers often manage other not-strictly-corrosion processes including cracking, brittle fracture, crazing, fretting, erosion, and more.
Environmental Engineering. Ecological engineering , the design, monitoring, and construction of ecosystems Fire protection engineering , the application of engineering to protect people and environments from fire and smoke Sanitary engineering , the application of engineering methods to improve sanitation of human communities Wastewater engineering , Wastewater engineering is a type of engineering that comes from civil engineering and environmental engineering.
A wastewater engineer determines the best way to transport or collect rainwater for human populations. Wastewater engineering also deals with the transportation and cleaning of blackwater , greywater and irrigation water. Wastewater treatment and water reclamation are areas of concern in this field. Wastewater engineers map out the topographical and geographical features of Earth to determine the best means of collection.
They use sonar scanning in wells to determine volumes of water that can be used for human consumption. Using these types of data they can provide a means of collecting water. After collecting the water, it is their job to transport it to where it can be made available for use. Municipal or urban engineering , civil engineering applied to municipal issues such as water and waste management, transportation networks, subdivisions, communications, hydrology, hydraulics, etc.
Geotechnical engineering. Concerned with the behavior of earth materials and soil and rock mechanics at the site of a civil engineering project. Foundation engineering , the engineering of below-ground foundations that support superstructures. Structural engineering. The engineering of structures that support or resist structural loads.
Earthquake engineering , the behavior of structures subject to seismic loading Wind engineering , the analysis of wind and its effects on the built environment Architectural engineering , application of engineering principles to building design and construction Ocean engineering , the design of offshore structures. Transport engineering. Traffic engineering , a branch of transportation engineering focusing on the infrastructure necessary for transportation Highway engineering , a branch of engineering that deals with major roadways and transportation systems involving automobiles.
Highway engineering usually involves the construction and design of highways. Utility engineering. A branch of Civil Engineering that focuses on the planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance, and asset management of any and all utility systems, as well as the interaction between utility infrastructure and other civil infrastructure .
Subsurface utility engineering , a branch of utility engineering that involves managing certain risks associated with utility mapping at appropriate quality levels and communication of utility data to concerned parties. Water resources engineering. Hydraulic engineering , concerned with the flow and conveyance of fluids, principally water; intimately related to the design of pipelines, water supply network, drainage facilities including bridges, dams , levees , channels, culverts, storm sewers and canals.
River engineering , is the process of planned human intervention in the course, characteristics, or flow of a river with the intention of producing some defined benefit—to manage the water resources, to protect against flooding, or to make passage along or across rivers easier. Coastal engineering , the study of the processes ongoing at the shoreline and construction within the coastal zone, often directed at combating erosion of coasts or providing navigational access.
Groundwater engineering , involves the analysis, monitoring and often modeling of groundwater source to better understand how much remains and if the water can be used for e. Electronic engineering. The creation of physical devices and abstract methods that make it possible to conduct electricity, magnetism and light, through low power electrical circuits deemed electronic circuits as well as through communication channels , in such a manner so as to make it possible to control, that is to actuate, on other external entities that can be mechanical, electrical, chemical and even biological in nature, even to the point of automation and thus achieving a manipulation over those natural phenomena so as to concede to them a specific form so that they abstractly represent something, in a processing action that is called program and therefore they become abstract signals of information, which can be subject of further processing and even end-user presentation in what is known as computing.
Control engineering , focuses on the modeling of dynamic systems and the design of controllers using electrical circuits, digital signal processors and microcontrollers Telecommunications engineering , focuses on the transmission and processing of information through communications channels that are created by making use of applied electromagnetism in the physical world and are oftentimes divided in wired and wireless.
Electronics denotes a broad engineering field that covers subfields such as analog electronics , digital electronics , consumer electronics , embedded systems and power electronics. Electronics engineering deals with implementation of applications, principles and algorithms developed within many related fields, for example solid-state physics , radio engineering , telecommunications , control systems , signal processing , systems engineering , computer engineering , instrumentation engineering , electric power control , robotics , and many others.
Software engineering , the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation and maintenance of software and the study of these approaches; that is, the application of engineering and computer science to software. Can range from circuit boards and microprocessors to routers. Network engineering , designing, deploying and maintaining computer networks, such as corporate networks or the Internet.
The generation, transmission and distribution of electricity and the design of devices such as transformers, switchgear, electric generators, electric motors, high-voltage engineering and power electronics. Power System Planning , involves the modelling of power systems to analyse the management of current and future electricity demand Power System Design , the development of a specific solution to address a power need, such as a new substation, a new power line, power system protection and so on Power System Operations and Control , involves plant and system operation, where protocols for the safe and continuous operation of individual equipment, subsystems, power plants or the whole power system are developed and applied Protection and Control , involves the design of power system protection , measurements, metering , telecommunications , and so on High Voltage Engineering , involves the understanding of electromagnetic phenomena of large voltages and currents such as partial discharge , as applied to the holistic power system design and its components, such as transformers , electric motors , electric generators , switchgear , to create coordination and harmony.
Acoustical engineering. Concerns the manipulation and control of vibration, especially vibration isolation and the reduction of unwanted sounds. Manufacturing engineering.
Concerns dealing with different manufacturing practices and the research and development of systems, processes, machines, tools and equipment. Hand tools Cleaning tools Cutting and abrasive tools Forestry tools and equipment Garden tools Kitchen tools Machine and metalworking tools Power tools Woodworking. Field specific to the mechanical aspects of optical systems.
Includes design, packaging, mounting and alignment mechanisms specific to optical systems. Fiber optics Laser systems Telescopes Cameras Optical instrumentation. Air conditioning Refrigeration Heating , ventilating. Is a field of engineering that involves the design, development and testing of sport equipment.
The equipment used by athletes has always gone through technological design and development based on current knowledge and understanding. The design, manufacture and operation of the systems and equipment that propel and control vehicles. Automotive engineering , bicycles, motorcycles, automobiles, buses and trucks and new telecommunication vehicles Naval architecture , marine vehicles and structures Aerospace engineering , airplanes , helicopters , drones and spacecraft Marine engineering , boats, ships, oil rigs and other marine vessels or structures, oceanographic engineering Railway engineering dealing with the design, construction and operation of all types of rail transport systems.
Power plant engineering. Geothermal power plants Coal-fired power plants Hydroelectric power plants Diesel engine ICE power plants Tidal power plants Wind turbine power plants Solar power plants. Energy efficiency, energy services, facility management, plant engineering, environmental compliance and energy production. Agricultural engineering.
Farm power and machinery, biological material processes, bioenergy, farm structures and agricultural natural resources. Aquaculture engineering , cultured aquatic species and their production systems Biomechanical engineering Bioprocess engineering , products from biological materials Biotechnical engineering Ecological engineering , ecosystems Food engineering , food processing, food machinery, packaging, ingredient manufacturing, instrumentation and control.