What does it mean to have type 2 diabetes

what does it mean to have type 2 diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Remission: What is it and How Can it be Done?

What causes type 2 diabetes? overweight and obesity not being physically active insulin resistance genes. Jan 01, Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that keeps your body from using insulin the way it should. People with type 2 diabetes are said to have .

Type doew diabetes is usually diagnosed using the glycated hemoglobin A1C test. This blood test indicates your what is global catalog in windows server 2008 blood sugar level for the past two to three months. Results are interpreted tgpe follows:.

If the A1C test isn't available, or if you have certain conditions that interfere havr an A1C test, your doctor may use the following tests to diagnose diabetes:. Random blood sugar test. Fasting blood sugar test. A blood sample is taken after an overnight fast. Oral glucose tolerance test. This test is less commonly used than the others, except during pregnancy. You'll need doed fast overnight and then drink a sugary liquid at the doctor's office.

Blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the next two hours. The American Diabetes Association recommends routine screening with diagnostic tests for type 2 diabetes in all adults age 45 or older and in the following groups:.

If you're tupe with diabetes, your doctor or health care provider may do other tests to distinguish between type 1 and type 2 diabetes since the two conditions often require different treatments. Your health care provider will repeat the test A1C levels at least two times a year and when there are any changes in treatment. Target A1C goals vary depending what does it mean to have type 2 diabetes your age and other factors. You will also receive regular diagnostic tests to screen for complications of diabetes or comorbid conditions.

These steps will help keep your blood sugar level closer to normal, which can delay or prevent complications. Contrary to popular perception, there's no specific diabetes diet. However, it's important to center your diet around:. Exercise is important for losing weight or maintaining a healthy weight. It also helps with regulating blood sugar levels. Talk to your primary health care provider before starting or changing your exercise program to ensure that activities are safe for you.

Aerobic exercise. Choose an aerobic exercise that you enjoy, such as walking, swimming, biking or running. Adults should aim for 30 minutes or what is the magnitude of the net force of moderate aerobic exercise on most days of the week, or at least minutes a week. Children should have 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise daily. Resistance exercise. Resistance exercise increases your strength, balance and ability to perform activities of daily living more easily.

Resistance training includes weightlifting, yoga and calisthenics. Adults living with type 2 diabetes should aim for two to three sessions of resistance exercise each week. Children should engage in activities that build strength and flexibility at least three days a week. This can include resistance exercises, sports and climbing on playground equipment. Limit inactivity. Breaking up long bouts of inactivity, such as sitting at the computer, can help control blood sugar levels.

Take a few minutes to stand, walk around or do some light activity every 30 minutes. Weight loss results in better control of blood sugar levels, cholesterol, triglycerides and blood pressure.

However, the more weight you lose, the greater the benefit iit your health and disease management. Your health care provider or dietitian can help you set appropriate weight-loss goals and encourage lifestyle changes to help you achieve them. Your health care provider will advise you on how often to check your blood sugar level to make sure you remain within your target range.

You may, for example, need to check it once a day and before or after exercise. If you take insulin, you may need to do this multiple times a day. Monitoring is usually done with a small, at-home device called a blood glucose typr, which measures the amount of sugar in how to check supplemental logging oracle drop of your blood.

You should keep a record of your measurements to share with your health care team. Continuous glucose monitoring is an electronic system that records glucose levels every few minutes from a sensor placed under your skin. Information can be transmitted to a mobile device such as your phone, and the system can send alerts when levels are too high or too low.

If you can't maintain your target blood sugar level with diet and exercise, your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications that help lower insulin levels or insulin therapy. Drug treatments for type 2 diabetes include the following. Metformin Fortamet, Glumetza, others is generally the msan medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes.

It works primarily by lowering glucose how to delete a textnow account in the liver and improving your body's sensitivity to insulin so that your body uses insulin more effectively. Some people experience B deficiency and may need to take supplements. Other possible side effects, which may improve over time, include:.

Sulfonylureas help your body secrete more insulin. Possible side effects include:. Glinides stimulate the pancreas to secrete more insulin. They're faster acting than sulfonylureas, and the duration of their effect in the body is shorter. Examples include repaglinide and nateglinide. Thiazolidinediones make the body's tissues more sensitive to insulin.

Examples include rosiglitazone Avandia and pioglitazone Actos. DPP-4 inhibitors help reduce blood sugar levels but tend to have a very modest effect. Examples include shat Januviasaxagliptin Onglyza and linagliptin Tradjenta. GLP-1 receptor agonists are injectable medications that slow digestion and help lower blood sugar levels. Their use is often associated with weight loss, and some may what does it mean to have type 2 diabetes the risk of heart attack and stroke.

SGLT2 inhibitors affect the blood-filtering functions in your kidneys by inhibiting the return of glucose to the bloodstream. As a result, glucose is excreted in the urine.

These drugs may reduce the risk of doed attack and stroke in people with a high risk of those conditions. Examples include canagliflozin Invokanadapagliflozin Farxiga and duabetes Jardiance. Other medications your doctor might prescribe in addition to diabetes medications include blood pressure and cholesterol-lowering medications, as well as low-dose aspirin, to help prevent heart and blood vessel disease. Some people who have type 2 diabetes need insulin therapy. In the past, insulin therapy was used as a last resort, but today diabtes may be prescribed sooner if blood sugar targets aren't met with lifestyle changes and other medications.

Different types of insulin vary on how quickly they begin to work and how long they have an effect. Long-acting insulin, for example, is designed to work overnight or throughout the day to keep blood sugar levels stable.

Short-acting insulin might be used at mealtime. Your doctor will determine what type of insulin is appropriate for you and when you should take it. Your insulin type, dosage and schedule may change depending on how stable your blood sugar levels are.

Most types of insulin are taken by injection. Side effects of insulin include the risk of low blood sugar hypoglycemiadiabetic ketoacidosis and high triglycerides. Weight-loss surgery changes the shape and function of your digestive system. This surgery may help you lose weight and manage type 2 diabetes and other conditions related to obesity. There are various surgical procedures, but all of them help how to make barbecue spaghetti lose weight by limiting how much food you can eat.

Some procedures also limit the amount dianetes nutrients you can absorb. Weight-loss surgery is only one part of an overall treatment plan. Your treatment will also include diet and nutritional supplement guidelines, exercise and mental health care. Generally, weight-loss surgery may be an option for adults living with type 2 diabetes who have a body mass index BMI of 35 or higher.

BMI is a formula that uses weight and height to estimate body fat. Depending on the severity of diabetes or comorbid conditions, surgery may be an option for someone with a BMI lower than Weight-loss surgery requires a lifelong commitment to lifestyle changes. Long-term side effects include nutritional deficiencies and osteoporosis. Women with type 2 diabetes will likely need to change their treatment plans and adhere to diets that carefully controls carbohydrate intake.

Many women will need insulin therapy during pregnancy and may need to discontinue hsve treatments, such as blood pressure medications. There is an increased risk during pregnancy of developing diabetic retinopathy or a worsening of the condition. If you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, visit an ophthalmologist during each trimester of your pregnancy, one year postpartum or as advised.

Regularly monitoring your blood sugar levels is important to avoid severe complications. Also, be aware of signs and symptoms that may suggest irregular blood sugar levels and the need for immediate care:.

High blood sugar hyperglycemia. Eating certain foods or too much food, being sick, or not taking medications at the right time can cause high blood sugar. Signs and symptoms include:. Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome HHNS. HHNS may be more likely if you have an infection, are not taking medicines as prescribed, or take certain steroids what are the different types of chiropractors drugs that cause frequent urination.

Diabetic ketoacidosis.

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Mar 22, Type 2 diabetes is traditionally described as a progressive disease without major lifestyle changes, A1C levels will gradually increase over time, and more medications such as insulin will be required to manage diabetes. Thus, people with type 2 diabetes are often surprised to hear that they may be able to reverse their diabetes or put it into remission.. The bodies of people with type 2 diabetes have impaired abilities to process foods that contain carbohydrates, which our bodies convert into sugar. Thus a diabetes test consists of analyzing your blood sugar to find out how well your body can handle it. There are several types of tests your doctor may request you get done. Jan 24, Numbness in the feet is a symptom of neuropathy or nerve damage, one of the most common long-term complications of type 2 diabetes. Neuropathy is caused by .

Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes, is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes mainly from the food you eat. Insulin , a hormone made by the pancreas , helps glucose get into your cells to be used for energy. Too much glucose then stays in your blood, and not enough reaches your cells. You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood.

However, type 2 diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight or obese. Physical inactivity and certain health problems such as high blood pressure affect your chances of developing type 2 diabetes. You are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you have prediabetes or had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant. Learn more about risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowlyover the course of several yearsand can be so mild that you might not even notice them. Many people have no symptoms. Some people do not find out they have the disease until they have diabetes-related health problems, such as blurred vision or heart disease.

Learn more about the causes of type 2 diabetes. Your health care professional can diagnose type 2 diabetes based on blood tests. Learn more about blood tests for diabetes and what the results mean.

Managing your blood glucose, blood pressure , and cholesterol , and quitting smoking if you smoke, are important ways to manage your type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle changes that include planning healthy meals, limiting calories if you are overweight, and being physically active are also part of managing your diabetes. So is taking any prescribed medicines. Work with your health care team to create a diabetes care plan that works for you.

Along with following your diabetes care plan, you may need diabetes medicines, which may include pills or medicines you inject under your skin, such as insulin. Over time, you may need more than one diabetes medicine to manage your blood glucose.

You also may need medicines for high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or other conditions. Learn more about medicines, insulin, and other diabetes treatments. Following a good diabetes care plan can help protect against many diabetes-related health problems. However, if not managed, diabetes can lead to problems such as. Diabetes is also linked to other health problems such as sleep apnea , depression, some types of cancer, and dementia. You can take steps to lower your chances of developing these diabetes-related health problems.

Research such as the Diabetes Prevention Program , sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, has shown that you can take steps to reduce your chances of developing type 2 diabetes if you have risk factors for the disease. Here are some things you can do to lower your risk:. Most often, your best chance for preventing type 2 diabetes is to make lifestyle changes that work for you long term.

The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Type 2 Diabetes. What is Diabetes? Who is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes? What are the symptoms of diabetes? What causes type 2 diabetes?

How do health care professionals diagnose type 2 diabetes? How can I manage my type 2 diabetes? What medicines do I need to treat my type 2 diabetes? What health problems can people with diabetes develop? How can I lower my chances of developing type 2 diabetes?

What is type 2 diabetes? The good news is that you can take steps to prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. Symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst and urination increased hunger feeling tired blurred vision numbness or tingling in the feet or hands sores that do not heal unexplained weight loss Symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowlyover the course of several yearsand can be so mild that you might not even notice them.

Type 2 diabetes is caused by several factors, including overweight and obesity not being physically active insulin resistance genes Learn more about the causes of type 2 diabetes. Following your meal plan helps you manage your diabetes. However, if not managed, diabetes can lead to problems such as heart disease and stroke nerve damage kidney disease foot problems eye disease gum disease and other dental problems sexual and bladder problems Many people with type 2 diabetes also have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD.

Here are some things you can do to lower your risk: Lose weight if you are overweight, and keep it off. You may be able to prevent or delay diabetes by losing 5 to 7 percent of your current weight. Move more. Get at least 30 minutes of physical activity, such as walking, at least 5 days a week. If you have not been active, talk with your health care professional about which activities are best. Start slowly and build up to your goal. Eat healthy foods.

Eat smaller portions to reduce the amount of calories you eat each day and help you lose weight. Choosing foods with less fat is another way to reduce calories. Drink water instead of sweetened beverages. Ask your health care team what other changes you can make to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.

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