What is a Refugium and How is it Helpful?
An aquarium sump is an additional tank or vessel that is commonly installed in the aquarium stand. Extra space for larger filtration equipment, keeping equipment from being seen in the display tank, and adding additional water volume are some of the great benefits of installing an aquarium loveescorten.comted Reading Time: 12 mins. Oct 17, · An aquarium sump can simplify the maintenance of your saltwater tank. If you are new to the aquarium hobby you may not be familiar with the term "sump". An aquarium sump is simply a storage container that can be used to house aquarium equipment and as an overflow box for extra tank water. When it comes to setting up a saltwater tank the list of necessary equipment seems loveescorten.comted Reading Time: 4 mins.
My first saltwater reef aquarium was a 46g glass bowfront tank asuarium a hang on back filter, a hearter, and a little maxi jet pump. In this article we will discuss what a sump is and why to use it.
If used correctly it could be used for saltwater or freshwater aquariums auqarium much success and benefit. Using gravity, water flows into the sump from the display aquarium and to create a perfect balance, a pump that sits down in the sump pumps water back up the display aquarium. So…all we are trying to accomplish is a balance where water flows in and out of the aquarium display without overflowing the aquarium or the sump tank. As mentioned above, the water flows down to the sump with the most dependable method of all — gravity!
This is where the concept of an overflow is introduced and needs to be discussed briefly. This box has hole s where a bulkhead fitting it used and PVC or other types of tubing is used to smp water down to the sump. As long as your plumbing is large enough, whatever the gallons-per-hour rating is on the pump GPH is what the gravity feed will match head pressure needs to be calculated her as well and is provided by the pump manufacturer.
In other words, the velocity of the water flowing is determined by the strength of the pump. It is what is an aquarium sump a good idea to use a check-valve on your pump to avoid a water siphon from he display and also only how to write a college history paper up the sump half way up or lower so there is room for water to flow down when power shuts off without overflowing the sump.
One of the things that motivated me the most to implement a sump was my dissatisfaction of looking at equipment inside the aquarium display. I find heaters and pumps not so pretty to look at : My first 46g reef aquarium had a heater, hang on back filter, and a circulation pump in the display accompanied by electrical cords showing in the aquarium — ughhh the horror!
So, once you have a sump implemented, the heater s could be moved down into the sump. The ugly part of the hang on back filter was now gone as well…combine all this with a black background in the aquarium and whatever nozzles are present are not very visible to the human eye — success! Love it! By skimming the water surface and sending water down in the sump we are now able to send water more effectively into a filter sock how to make rusk biscuits filter pad for waste to be removed.
This is much more effective than a hang on back or canister filter pulling water lower in the display. Furthermore, now that a sump is in place a protein skimmer could be implemented with huge benefits added to your filtration. Some hang on back protein skimmers do exist but they are not nearly as effective as in-sump ones. Other filtration devices could also be implemented in and around the sump such as refugiums, media reactors, UV sterilizers, etc.
This new source of oxygen will also help you keep the PH elevated aquarihm proper levels. Another great benefit of a sump that is often overlooked is simply the increase of your water volume. You will often hear that with aquariums bigger is better and that is definitely the case as bigger water volumes allow more stability and less fluctuations. Also a bigger volume can take on more waste than a smaller one. While out of town, a power outage takes place and the aquarium is shut off for a whole day.
The aquarium is now susceptible to an unsafe increase or decrease in temperature depending on the season and an ammonia spike is inevitable if animals should start dying. Now, if the same setup had a 30g sump — the increased water volume will take longer to cool or heat and can take on more waste as the ratio of fish to water is lower. We highly recommend it and are confident that it would be of great benefit. It is worth mentioning that if the budget allows, an acrylic sump is best since it is easily modified and drilled.
Also, an acrylic sump is safer to use as covered in previous articles. I hope this article has ahat helpful wat informative and helps you with implementing a sump for your aquarium. View Larger Image. What is a sump? How water flows down to sump and up to the aquarium and how to balance it? Benefits of a sump — remove eyesores from the display One of how to trap a falcon things that motivated me the most to implement a sump was my dissatisfaction of looking js equipment inside the aquarium display.
Benefits of a sump — better filtration By skimming the water surface and sending water down in the sump we are now able to send water more effectively into a filter sock or filter pad for waste to simp removed. Benefits of a sump — increased water volume Another great benefit of a sump that is often aquafium is simply the increase of your water volume.
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Aquarium/ Fish Tank
Aquarium Sumps A sump requires an aquarium overflow box or drilled tank to deliver water to the sump. Water drains from the fish tank to a filter sock, trapping waste. Water then flows through aquarium sump baffles to aerate water and trap waste. Apr 01, · What is an aquarium sump? How does it work? A sump refers to an additional tank or a separate aquarium that serves as a spot where you could add protein skimmers, filters, various fish tank cleaning devices as well as pumps without the need to actually have them inside the fish tank/5(22). Sep 07, · TODAY WE BUILD A SIMPLE AQUARIUM SUMPHow to build aquarium filters: loveescorten.com the ultimate DIY book loveescorten.comITED EDITION.
A refugium refers to a smaller aquarium that is connected to your saltwater aquarium and cycles the water in and out of the main tank. They are often placed underneath the main tank and in a sump. Sumps house all your equipment and contain tanks that drain and maintain the water of your aquarium.
This means there is more water in your aquarium and therefore it is easier to maintain. The sump will be connected to the main display tank via an overflow.
This water will flow through the different chambers of your sump and then back into your main tank. Your refugium will be one of these tanks in your sump.
You can also have an in-tank refugium which is a small container in the aquarium that lets the water in but keeps the marine life out. This means you can safely grow plants or smaller creatures without the threat from predators.
However, this does not add water volume to your tank which is really helpful in keeping the water healthy and stable. Some hobbyists also choose to hang their refugium on the side of the main tank and cycle the water in and out.
Whichever type of refugium you add to your saltwater aquarium is up to you, your needs, and your budget. Adding a sump into your saltwater aquarium is a great addition, but it is costly. But, thankfully there are other options when it comes to refugiums, such as in-tank or hang-off. The refugium acts as a natural filter to the water in your aquarium.
They create more water changes in the tank and keep on top of the levels of nitrate and phosphorus. They aid in stabilizing the water, maintaining a healthy amount of oxygen. When used as a part of a sump, refugiums also mean that you can add trace elements into your aquarium when necessary.
The main reason why you would want to use a refugium is because of the life you can maintain in the mini aquarium. It also can absorb waste that you have in your aquarium as the algae will feed off any debris from your fish. Its other main use is for the creation of a home for smaller marine life that aid the ecosystem of the aquarium, but are in danger of being eaten by bigger creatures in the main tank!
You can put your amphipods and copepods into the refugium to feed off the debris that will gather in the tank. If you have corals, anemones, and smaller fish that will be harmed by predators in your main aquarium, the refugium acts as a way to protect these creatures but also allowing them to enjoy the ecosystem.
You can also grow algae and other plants in the refugium that you are wanting to harvest and feed to the marine life in your main aquarium. If your refugium is in a sump, you can provide different lighting that the plants might need to flourish. Providing different lighting also means that you can add oxygen to the water during nighttime hours. This is a great way to keep the pH levels stable.
As you can see, there are so many great reasons to add a refugium to your tank, but what exactly shall you put in it?
The first decision you have to make in regards to your refugium is what kind of substrate you are wanting to use. Sand or mud are both great to use in your refugium, or you could opt for rock. You could also leave the bottom of the tank bare.
It really depends on what you are used to and happy using, and what kind of stuff you are wanting to add to your refugium! You probably want to add macroalgae into your refugium. They are great as they act as a filter for your water and remove things like nitrates. They can also be harvest and used to feed the marine life in your aquarium. A lot of fish and crustaceans love macroalgae, and keeping them in the refugium means you can keep the plants healthy and feed them to your creatures when it is necessary.
You might also want to put in copepods and amphipods into your refugium in order to keep your aquarium clean and free of debris! Similarly, scavengers can be put in the refugium to keep on top of the cleaning whilst being protected from predators. Snails, crabs, and slugs will all do well in the refugium.
In order for your refugium to be successful, you need it to be well lit and on a timer. It is advised for the lighting to come on when the lighting on the main aquarium is turned off, as it keeps the water levels stable. Find the best lighting for what you are wanting to put in your refugium to ensure your marine life has the best chance to thrive!
Remember to harvest the macroalgae when necessary, and feed the tiny crustaceans. You should also keep an eye out on the levels of copepods and amphipods! Add more if you need to. If you are looking to up your saltwater aquarium game, go and add a refugium! They provide so much help in keeping your marine life happy, from keeping the water clean to growing tasty food for them!
Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. What is a Refugium and How is it Helpful? Different Types of Refugiums Sumps house all your equipment and contain tanks that drain and maintain the water of your aquarium.
Why Use A Refugium? A refugium is a perfect place to grow a cluster of different kinds of beneficial algae Its other main use is for the creation of a home for smaller marine life that aid the ecosystem of the aquarium, but are in danger of being eaten by bigger creatures in the main tank! What to Put in Your Refugium?
Refugium Maintainance Tips In order for your refugium to be successful, you need it to be well lit and on a timer. Final Thoughts If you are looking to up your saltwater aquarium game, go and add a refugium! MyReef Team. Submit a Comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Visit AquariumDepot.